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Konsep Aqabah Dalam Tasawwuf Al-Ghazali : Telaah atas Kitab Minhaj al-Abidin

Al-Ghazalis complete name was Abu Hamid Muhammad Ibn Muhammad AI-Ghazali Al-Tusi (450-505H/1058-1111M). He contibuted greatly to the development of tasawwuf mastered the majority of Islamic traditional knowledge, such as Fiqh, Tafsir, Kalam and tasawwuf with his wide and deep knowledge at least in Muslim Sunnis perspective, he was considered, at least in Muslim Sunni prespective, as the most complete Muslim thinker who answered most at Islamic questions, especially in sufism. It is not surprising that his works, especially in sufism has exerted great the influences on Islamic world generally and Indonesia especially in interpreting sufi doctrines for long time. The influence of al-Ghaztilis thought can be seen from the great numbers of studies on sufism conducted by educated Muslim society from the Islamic boarding high school till university or college. With observing several works of al-Ghazali thought in many boarding schools and the tendency for student college to study the thought of al-Ghazali, the writer conclude that concerning religious matters Indonesian Muslim community have considered al-Ghazalis works as reference more authoritative than the other thinkers in this field. Al-Ghazali dominated the study of it in educated Indonesian Muslim are : Ihya Ulum al-Din, Bidayah al-Hidayah and Minhaj al-Abidin. These works had been translated into Indonesian language. Furthermore, the last two works have been explained with Arabic language, first the book Bidayah al-Hidayah by Nawawi Banten with title al-Maraqi al-ubudiyyah, secondly the book Minhaj al-Abidin by Ihsan Ibn Muhammad Dahlan (d.1330H/1952M), a alim from Jampes, Kediri with titled Siraj al-Talibin. Al-Ghazalis Minhaj al-Abidin is interesting and very important to study. This book is a short composition but contains the esential doctrines (at sufism). It was the last work of al-Ghazali before he passed away, just his extraordinary friends who listen directly from al-Ghazali. This book summons its readers to reflect the essence of Ibadah (Worship) and its various steps to make it perfect. There are seven steps: 1) knowledge and gnosis (al-ilm wa al-ma rifah), 2) repentance (al-tawbah), 3) permanent barriers (al-awa iq), 4) temporary barriers (al- awarid), 5) encouraging factors (al-khawf wa al-raja). 6) blaming spirit (al-qawadih) and 7) praising God (al-hamd wa al-shukr). The worship is the form of obedience and slavery at man to his Lord, so that worship would be most valuable thing which guides man to the heaven, but to reach a perfection in worship, aman must go through many blocks, and it needs sacrifice, al-Ghazali called the stages and the barriers in worship with Aqabah. The result of this research shown that in reality the whole difficulties which must be passed through by worshiper in his worship, the difficulties which must be faced is comparable with the path, full of barriers and temptations which can deviate the worshiper in his worship, Aqabah in worship could only be through with a hard struggle of Mu min. With this theory al-Ghozali wants to show us how to cope with all difficulties in worship. As far the method to pass through the Aqabali are:]. Aqabab in knowledge and gnosis (al-ilm wa al-ma rifah) can be throug by seeking for knowledge and education in theology, science of law, ethics, exact sciences, history, etc. Aqabah in repentance (al-tawbah) is pass through by relizing bad effect of sins, the severe punishment of Allah for sins doers and his weakness to defend from Allah s punishment. Aqabah in permanent barriers (al-awa iq) is pass ed through by hard struggle to go through the many kind of barriers like the world, creation, men, devil, and desire which followed by praying for the help from Allah. Aqabah in temporary barriers (al-awarid) is passed through by fearness and please to Allah s windows. Aqabah in encouraging factors (al-khawf wa al-raja) is pass ed through fearness and hope to Allah SWT. Aqabah in blaming spirit (al-qawadih), is passed through by sincerty of intention to Allah SWT in worship. And Aqabah in praising God (al-hamd wa al-shukr) is pass ed through by replacing our thank to Allah SWT for his mercies and blessings He has given. Hopefilly this research will be useful as the sources information and the basic theory and practice in doing worship in accordance with Islamic shariah. To apply or to implement this information in this research needs the practical measure to create a conducive environment for concentrating worship, in the form of institutions which can lead the education in good worship by applying Aqabah Theory of al-Ghazali.

Statement of Responsibility
Author(s) Purwanto, Yedi - Personal Name
Edition Edisi 14 Tahun 7 Agustus 2008
Call Number (05)364.467 ITB j
ISBN/ISSN 1858-3474
Subject(s)
Classification (05)364.467
Series Title Jurnal Sosioteknologi : Peran Komunikasi dan Budaya Teknologi Dalam Memantapkan Jati Diri Bangsa
GMD Jurnal
Language Indonesia
Publisher Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain-ITB
Publishing Year 2008
Publishing Place Bandung
Collation Hlm. 424-433
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